God’s goodness and benevolence, according to the Augustinian theodicy, remain perfect and without responsibility for evil or suffering. Augustine of Hippo was the first to develop the theodicy. He rejected the idea that evil exists in itself, instead regarding it as a corruption of goodness, caused by humanity’s abuse of free will. God is goodness and that there can be no evil in him. He believed that the existence of goodness allows evil to exist, through the fault of humans.
Augustine’s concept of evil for not dealing with individual human suffering. God is not omnipotent and so cannot be responsible for any evil. 1966, in which he classified Augustine’s theodicy and its subsequent developments as “Augustinian”. Theodicy is an attempt to reconcile the existence and nature of God with evidence of evil in the world by providing valid explanations for its occurrence.
God did not create evil and is not responsible for its occurrence. God created human beings without sin or suffering. God is blameless and good, and not himself responsible for evil. Augustine developed his theodicy as part of his attempt to trace human history and describe its conclusion. Augustine proposed that evil could not exist within God, nor be created by God, and is instead a by-product of God’s creativity.
God, making suffering a just punishment for the sin of humans. Adam’s sin and his just punishment. However, in spite of his belief that free will can be turned to evil, Augustine maintained that it is vital for humans to have free will, because they could not live well without it. He argued that evil could come from humans because, although humans contained no evil, they were also not perfectly good and hence could be corrupted.