Muslims are a distinct nation and thus deserve political independence from other regions and communities of India. Allama Iqbal defined the Muslims of India as a nation and suggested that there could be no possibility of peace in the country unless and until they were recognized as a nation and under a federal system the Muslim majority units allama iqbal poetry in hindi pdf given the same privileges which were to be given to the Hindu majority units. It was the only way in which both the Muslims and the Hindus could prosper in accordance with their respective cultural values.
Islam came with “legal concepts” with “civic significance,” with its “religious ideals” considered as inseparable from social order: “therefore, the construction of a policy on national lines, if it means a displacement of the Islamic principle of solidarity, is simply unthinkable to a Muslim. Iqbal thus stressed not only the need for the political unity of Muslim communities, but the undesirability of blending the Muslim population into a wider society not based on Islamic principles. The latter part of Iqbal’s life was concentrated on political activity. Congress and proposals for transfer of power without considerable autonomy or independence for Muslim provinces.
But the key issue for Muslims remained “separate identity. On several occasions and addresses the issue gets highlighted that the Muslims are a separate nation with different culture and civilization, interests and rights. Hindus and the British peoples because they believed in “territorial nationalism”. The Congress’ perspective of Hindu Muslim relationship was that any perceived rift between the Hindus and Muslims was the product of the British divide and rule policy. According to the Congress, the British had consciously created splits and divisions, therefore it was an artificial issue which should not be emphasized.