15th to 16th century CE. Ravidas made a lasting impact upon the bhakti movement. He was a poet-saint, social reformer and a bhagat kabir poetry in punjabi pdf figure.
The life details of Ravidas are uncertain and contested. Dadupanthi tradition within Hinduism also includes numerous poems of Ravidas. Guru Ravidas Ji taught removal of social divisions of caste and gender, and promoted unity in the pursuit of personal spiritual freedoms. The details of Ravidas’ life are not well known. Most scholars state he was born about 1450, and died about 1520.
His birthplace is now known as Shri Guru Ravidas Janam Asthan. Mata Ghurbinia was his mother, and his father was Raghuram. Thereafter he spent most of his life in the company of Hindu saints, sadhus and ascetics. In Banaras, that best of cities, no evil ever visits men. No one who dies ever goes to hell, Shankar himself comes with the Name of Ram. Shakta, his father and mother were both Chamars.
He is traditionally considered as Kabir’s younger contemporary. He travelled extensively, visiting Hindu pilgrimage sites in Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan and those in the Himalayas. As his poetic hymns in regional languages inspired others, people from various background sought his teachings and guidance. These poems are one of the oldest attested source of his ideas and literary works. This text, composed over 150 years after Ravidas’ death, in 1693, includes him as one of the seventeen saints of Indian religious tradition.
Anantadas, both contain chapters on Ravidas. 20th century, or about 400 years after his death. Winnand Callewaert notes that some 30 manuscripts of Anantadas’s hagiography on Ravidas have been found in different parts of India. Of these four manuscripts are complete, collated and have been dated to 1662, 1665, 1676 and 1687. Brahmins are disturbed and make a lot of noise. You deceive the king and the people, you leave the right path and take them on the wrong path.