Part of Birdwhistell’s work involved filming people in social situations and analyzing them to show elements of communication that were body language gestures pdf clearly seen otherwise. Birdwhistell estimated that no more than 30 to 35 percent of the social meaning of a conversation or an interaction is carried by the words. Body movements convey information, but interpretations vary by culture. As many movements are carried out at a subconscious or at least a low-awareness level, kinesic movements carry a significant risk of being misinterpreted in an intercultural communication situation.
Washington, DC: Department of State, Foreign Service Institute. University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia. The Social History of The Natural History of an Interview: A multidisciplinary investigation of social communication. Reinhart and Winston, New York, pp. Givens for the Center for Nonverbal Studies.