The study was mainly focused on assessing food security causes of food insecurity in ethiopia pdf in Ethiopia, specifically aims to review cause of food insecurity, determinants of food security, food security situation in Ethiopia and coping strategies practiced in Ethiopia. Poverty is still a big obstacle to overcome in Ethiopia. Consequently, chronic and acute food insecurity is prevalent. 7 million People require emergency food assistance in 2014 and 238,761 children require treatment for severe and acute malnutrition in 2014.
The deteriorating situation of food security in Ethiopia is caused by population pressure, drought, shortage of farmland, lack of oxen, deterioration of food production capacity, outbreak of plant and animal disease, poor soil fertility, frost attack, shortage of cash income, poor farming technologies, weak extension services, high labor wastage, poor social and infrastructural facility and pre and post harvest crop loss. Sale of wood or charcoal, small scale trading, income transfer systems, limiting size and frequency of meal, sale of livestock, agricultural employment and migration were major coping strategies. Ethiopia should incorporate different research outputs to design programs to tackle food insecurity. Assessment of Food Security Situation in Ethiopia: A Review. Asian Journal of Agricultural Research, 9: 55-68. The latest FAO estimates indicate that global hunger reduction continues: About 805 million people are estimated to be chronically undernourished in 2012-14, down more than 100 million over the last decade and 209 million lower than in 1990-92.
In the same period, the prevalence of undernourishment has fallen from 18. 2012-14, down by 203 million since 1990-92. In general, Africa is making slow progress in achieving international hunger targets. The region has been afflicted by conflict and natural disasters and one in four people remain under nourished in sub-Saharan Africa.
Africa remains the region with highest prevalence of under nourishment with around one in four people out of about one billion estimated to be undernourished. While sub-Saharan Africa has the highest prevalence of under nourishment, there has been some improvement over the last two decades. The prevalence of under nourishment declining from 32. Kenya 11 million and Uganda 10. To address food insecurity problem, the government of Ethiopia is taking a strong leadership role with programs that meet the varying needs of vulnerable households. Ethiopian agriculture is incredibly sensitive to shifts in weather. When rainfall is erratic or insufficient for even a few successive rainy seasons, the entire country is prone to falling into famine.
According to an early 2010 report, 5. 2 million people in Ethiopia face an uncertain food security situation. Ethiopia was given a 29. 8, on a scale of 0-100, with 0 being the best and 100 the worst possible score.