Characteristics of accounting pdf

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They are a consequence of growing international shareholding and trade and are characteristics of accounting pdf important for companies that have dealings in several countries. They are progressively replacing the many different national accounting standards.

They are the rules to be followed by accountants to maintain books of accounts which are comparable, understandable, reliable and relevant as per the users internal or external. IAS 29 and IFRIC 7 are authorized in terms of the units of constant purchasing power paradigm. IFRS began as an attempt to harmonize accounting across the European Union but the value of harmonization quickly made the concept attractive around the world. However, it has been debated whether or not de facto harmonization has occurred. IASC the responsibility for setting International Accounting Standards.

The IASB has continued to develop standards calling the new standards “International Financial Reporting Standards”. In the absence of a Standard or an Interpretation that specifically applies to a transaction, management must use its judgement in developing and applying an accounting policy that results in information that is relevant and reliable. In making that judgement, IAS 8. 11 requires management to consider the definitions, recognition criteria, and measurement concepts for assets, liabilities, income, and expenses in the Framework. 6 years in Zimbabwe’s hyperinflationary economy. The IASB offered responses to the first two criticisms, but has offered no response to the last criticism while IAS 29 was as of March 2014 being implemented in its original ineffective form in Venezuela and Belarus. Financial statements are a structured representation of the financial positions and financial performance of an entity.

The objective of financial statements is to provide information about the financial position, financial performance and cash flows of an entity that is useful to a wide range of users in making economic decisions. Financial statements also show the results of the management’s stewardship of the resources entrusted to it. To meet this objective, financial statements provide information about an entity’s assets and cash flows. This information, along with other information in the notes, assists users of financial statements in predicting the entity’s future cash flows and, in particular, their timing and certainty.