Mongol fashion still hold more than 3 million animals, which outnumber the country’s draw 50 horses pdf population. Mongol horses are of a stocky build, with relatively short but strong legs and a large head. However, that theory was disproven in 2011 by genetic testing.
The mane and tail of the Mongol horse are very long. Because the horses are allowed to live much the same as wild horses, they require little in the way of hoof care. The hooves are left untrimmed and unshod, and few farriers are in the country. Mongol horses have hard, strong hooves and seldom have foot problems.
Sometimes, horses will be branded. Horses from different regions of Mongolia are considered to have different traits. Mountain horses are short and particularly strong. Steppe horses are the tallest, fastest variety of Mongol horses.
A Darkhad horse weighing only 250 kg can carry a load of 300 kg—the equivalent of carrying another horse on its back. On a broader level, some Mongolian provinces are considered to be more suitable for horse rearing than others. The eastern steppe provinces are informally known as the “horse provinces” because of their suitability for horse breeding. The northern mountain provinces are considered “cow provinces”, though horses are reared there, as well. A wide variety of horse colorations are seen. People in the different regions of Mongolia favor different colors of horses and breed accordingly. The Darkhad ethnic group prefers white horses, while the Nyamgavaa prefer dun, bay, or black horses and shun white-colored animals.
Some horses are bred for the preferences of foreign markets. Elizabeth Kendall, travelling through southern Mongolia in 1911, wrote, “I was struck by the number of white and grey ponies, and was told that horses are bred chiefly for the market in China, and this is the Chinese preference. She also observed that the northern Mongolian herds near Tuerin seemed to consist mainly of black and chestnut horses. Herdsmen breed horses primarily for color and speed, but also for conformation, disposition, and lineage. In Mongolia, conformation is not stressed so strongly as it is in Western culture.