Choose from the list of topics below driving a passenger vehicle 2006 pdf overviews of key highway safety issues, along with compilations of IIHS and HLDI research, news and legal information on each topic. Crashes took 37,461 lives in the U. These devices have dramatically reduced the highway death toll. Technology can help reduce crashes.
Motor vehicle crashes are a leading cause of death for children younger than 13. A good structure, safety belts and airbags can reduce crash injuries. Concern is mounting about the effects of phone use and texting while driving. There’s room for improvement when it comes to this basic equipment.
People continue to drive impaired by alcohol and drugs, but good enforcement can deter them. About 1 in 10 highway deaths occurs in a crash involving a large truck. They shouldn’t mix with regular vehicles on public roads. Helmets and antilock brakes make riding less dangerous. A good head restraint can help prevent whiplash. There are more drivers 70 and over today, but they crash less often than they used to. Roadway improvements have been shown to reduce crashes.
Camera enforcement works to curb this dangerous behavior. Where you drive affects the risks you face. Electronic stability control and strong roofs help prevent rollover deaths. These circular intersections promote safe and efficient traffic flow. Thousands of people still die because they didn’t buckle up. Speeding makes crashes more likely and more likely to be deadly. Driving carries extra risk for them.
Bigger, heavier vehicles protect their occupants better. A total of 35,092 people died in motor vehicle crashes in 2015. IIHS publishes annual statistical summaries of the motor vehicle safety picture. Fatality Facts are updated once a year, when the U. Department of Transportation releases data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System. The most current Fatality Facts and previous years going back to 2005 are available.
Highway safety laws differ from state to state. Use the links below to access information on specific types of laws in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. We monitor legislative changes and update this information as needed. The Institute actively participates in highway safety policy debates. One way we can influence policy is through the rulemaking process of federal agencies such as the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, whose regulations have the force of law. Congress and state legislatures as lawmakers consider new legislation, review existing policies and investigate agency regulatory activity. Access loss information for hundreds of passenger vehicles grouped by body style and size under six insurance coverages: collision, property damage liability, comprehensive personal injury protection, medical payment and bodily injury liability.
Auto insurance covers damage to vehicles and property in crashes plus injuries to the people involved in the crashes. The six different types of coverages are defined here. In addition, comparative loss information for different vehicle types and other HLDI analyses are available here. Periodically, HLDI provides the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s Office of Defects Investigation with insurance fire reports that describe comprehensive noncrash fire losses for passenger vehicles.