Geography book in bengali pdf

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Please forward this error screen to bh-in-9. A revised version of the Bengali calendar was officially adopted geography book in bengali pdf Bangladesh in 1987. Nitish Sengupta, the origin of the Bengali calendar is unclear.

Bengali calendar existed long before Akbar’s time. Hindus developed a calendar system in ancient times. Vedic era field of tracking and predicting the movements of astronomical bodies in order to keep time. The ancient Indian culture developed a sophisticated time keeping methodology and calendars for Vedic rituals.

However, unlike these regions where it starts in 57 BCE, the Bengali calendar starts from 593 CE suggesting that the starting reference year was adjusted at some point. Sanskrit texts elsewhere in ancient and medieval Indian subcontinent. These texts present Surya and various planets and estimate the characteristics of the respective planetary motion. 5th century and 10th century.

It retains the historic Sanskrit names of the months, with the first month as Baishakh. Their calendar remains tied to the Hindu calendar system and is used to set the various Bengali Hindu festivals. Yet another theory states that the Sasanka calendar was adopted by Alauddin Husain Shah when he witnessed the difficulty with collecting land revenue by the Hijra calendar. Bengali people according to the Islamic Hijri calendar. This calendar was a lunar calendar, and its new year did not coincide with the solar agricultural cycles. According to some historians, this started the Bengali calendar.

Akbar’s fiscal policy to start the Bangla calendar. It is unclear whether it was adopted by Hussain Shah or Akbar. The tradition to use the Bengali calendar may have been started by Hussain Shah before Akbar. Akbar’s official calendar “Tarikh-ilahi” with the zero year of 1556 CE was a blend of pre-existing Hindu and Islamic calendars. It was not used much in India outside of Akbar’s Mughal court, and after his death the calendar he launched was abandoned.

However, adds Sen, there are traces of the “Tarikh-ilahi” that survive in the Bengali calendar. Regardless of who adopted the Bengali calendar and the new year, states Sengupta, it helped collect land taxes after the spring harvest based on traditional Bengali calendar, because the Islamic Hijri calendar created administrative difficulties in setting the collection date. Shamsuzzaman states, “it is called Bangla san or saal, which are Arabic and Parsee words respectively, suggests that it was introduced by a Muslim king or sultan. In the “Tarikh-e-Elahi” version of the calendar, each day of the month had a separate name, and the months had different names from what they have now. The day begins and ends at sunrise in the Bengali calendar, unlike in the Gregorian calendar, where the day starts at midnight. Two versions of the Bengali calendar. 31 days long, rest 30 days each, with the month of Falgun adjusted to 31 days in every leap year.

This was officially adopted by Bangladesh in 1987. Jyotisha” in The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Vol. P Ganguly, P Sengupta, ed. Original: Yale University Press, American Oriental Society. Dhaka, Bangladesh: Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.