This article is about the nationalist greeting used in India. Later, Karkare became Congress president of Central India Province. Independent India, and was issued on the day of independence, 15 August 1947. This hind swaraj pdf in hindi was last edited on 6 December 2017, at 17:24.
Gandhi’s concept of Swaraj advocated India’s discarding British political, economic, bureaucratic, legal, military, and educational institutions. Although Gandhi’s aim of totally implementing the concepts of Swaraj in India was not achieved, the voluntary work organisations which he founded for this purpose did serve as precursors and role models for people’s movements, voluntary organisations, and some of the non-governmental organisations that were subsequently launched in various parts of India. Swami Dayanand Saraswati, beginning with the premise that God had created people free to perform any work they were inclined to choose, then questioned the legitimacy of the foreign British occupation to make the Indian nation slaves on their own land? Swaraj warrants a stateless society. According to Mahatma Gandhi, the overall impact of the state on the people is harmful. He called the state a “soulless machine” which, ultimately, does the greatest harm to mankind.
But Gandhi feared that in the name of moulding the state into a suitable instrument of serving people, the state would abrogate the rights of the citizens and arrogate to itself the role of grand protector and demand abject acquiescence from them. This would create a paradoxical situation where the citizens would be alienated from the state and at the same time enslaved to it, which, according to Gandhi, was demoralising and dangerous. Gandhi thought it necessary to evolve a mechanism to achieve the twin objectives of empowering the people and ’empowering’ the state. Although the word “Swaraj” means self-rule, Gandhi gave it the content of an integral revolution that encompasses all spheres of life: “At the individual level Swaraj is vitally connected with the capacity for dispassionate self-assessment, ceaseless self-purification and growing self-reliance. Economically, Swaraj means full economic freedom for the toiling millions.