Describe the stages of sleep. Explain why REM introduction to history of psychology pdf is also called paradoxical sleep. Define the sleep disorders of insomnia, narcolepsy, and apnea.
Explain the theories of the nature and content of dreams. Explain the difference between substance abuse and substance dependence. Explain the effect of depressants, stimulants, and hallucinogens. List two negative effects of each of the following drugs: alcohol, marijuana, amphetamines, barbiturates, the opiates, cocaine, and the hallucinogens.