Germany, though he did not accept the label. 1902 jaspers general psychopathology pdf a thesis about criminology.
The post later became a permanent philosophical one, and Jaspers never returned to clinical practice. Jewish wife, and was forced to retire from teaching in 1937. In 1938 he fell under a publication ban as well. Many of his long-time friends stood by him, however, and he was able to continue his studies and research without being totally isolated. 30 March 1945, when Heidelberg was liberated by American troops. He remained prominent in the philosophical community and became a naturalized citizen of Switzerland living in Basel until his death on his wife’s 90th birthday in 1969. Jaspers’ dissatisfaction with the popular understanding of mental illness led him to question both the diagnostic criteria and the methods of clinical psychiatry.
Although it did not broach new ideas, this article introduced a rather unusual method of study, at least according to the norms then prevalent. Jaspers studied patients in detail, giving biographical information about the patients as well as notes on how the patients themselves felt about their symptoms. This work has become a classic in the psychiatric literature and many modern diagnostic criteria stem from ideas found within it. What the patient sees is the “content”, but the discrepancy between visual perception and objective reality is the “form”. He argued that clinicians should not consider a belief delusional based on the content of the belief, but only based on the way in which a patient holds such a belief.
Secondary delusions, on the other hand, he defined as those influenced by the person’s background, current situation or mental state. Jaspers considered primary delusions to be ultimately “un-understandable,” since he believed no coherent reasoning process existed behind their formation. Jaspers gave his view of the history of philosophy and introduced his major themes. Jaspers, that which exists beyond the world of time and space.
Jaspers himself continually stressed the necessity of recognizing the validity of the concepts both of subjectivity and of objectivity. God, Jaspers influenced contemporary theology through his philosophy of transcendence and the limits of human experience. Jaspers wrote extensively on the threat to human freedom posed by modern science and modern economic and political institutions. During World War II, he had to abandon his teaching post because his wife was Jewish. That which has happened is a warning.