You’ve reached a retired site page. PBS no longer has the rights to distribute the content that had been provided on this page. Find program websites, online videos and more for your favorite PBS shows. Subscribe to our Previews newsletter for a sneak peek at your love yourself like your life depends on it pdf programs.
Watch local and national programs from anywhere at anytime. Please forward this error screen to 64. Please forward this error screen to sharedip-192186246100. This article is about the general concept of “love”. An example of this range of meanings is that the love of a mother differs from the love of a spouse differs from the love of food. It may also describe compassionate and affectionate actions towards other humans, one’s self or animals.
This diversity of uses and meanings combined with the complexity of the feelings involved makes love unusually difficult to consistently define, compared to other emotional states. The word “love” can have a variety of related but distinct meanings in different contexts. In addition to cross-cultural differences in understanding love, ideas about love have also changed greatly over time. People can be said to love an object, principle, or goal to which they are deeply committed and greatly value.
People can also “love” material objects, animals, or activities if they invest themselves in bonding or otherwise identifying with those things. Interpersonal love refers to love between human beings. Such love might exist between family members, friends, and couples. Three distinct neural circuitries, including neurotransmitters, and three behavioral patterns, are associated with these three romantic styles. These effects rarely last more than a few weeks or months.
Research has indicated that this stage generally lasts from one and a half to three years. Since the lust and attraction stages are both considered temporary, a third stage is needed to account for long-term relationships. Intimacy is a form in which two people share confidences and various details of their personal lives, and is usually shown in friendships and romantic love affairs. Commitment, on the other hand, is the expectation that the relationship is permanent. The last form of love is sexual attraction and passion. Passionate love is shown in infatuation as well as romantic love.
All forms of love are viewed as varying combinations of these three components. Non-love does not include any of these components. Infatuated love only includes passion. Empty love only includes commitment. Romantic love includes both intimacy and passion.
Companionate love includes intimacy and commitment. Fatuous love includes passion and commitment. Lastly, consummate love includes all three. His work states that three factors constitute love: attachment, caring, and intimacy. Over the last century, research on the nature of human mating has generally found this not to be true when it comes to character and personality—people tend to like people similar to themselves. Some Western authorities disaggregate into two main components, the altruistic and the narcissistic.
Peck maintains that love is a combination of the “concern for the spiritual growth of another,” and simple narcissism. In this sense, Fromm held that love is ultimately not a feeling at all, but rather is a commitment to, and adherence to, loving actions towards another, oneself, or many others, over a sustained duration. Fromm also described love as a conscious choice that in its early stages might originate as an involuntary feeling, but which then later no longer depends on those feelings, but rather depends only on conscious commitment. Humans are dependent on parental help for a large portion of their lifespans compared to other mammals.
Love has therefore been seen as a mechanism to promote parental support of children for this extended time period. Psychology sees love as more of a social and cultural phenomenon. Attachment between adults is presumed to work on the same principles that lead an infant to become attached to its mother. Modern authors have distinguished further varieties of romantic love. It has also been translated as “love of the soul.