This article is about the 11th century Paramara king. Bhoja is best known as a patron of arts, literature, and sciences. Because of his patronage to scholars, Bhoja became one of the most celebrated kings nectar of devotion pdf the Indian history.
After his death, he came to be featured in several legends as a righteous scholar-king. Bhoja’s reputation as a scholar-king suggests that he was well-educated as a child. Bhoja suffered from intense headaches. Bhoja’s contemporary Dhanapala, Bhoja’s feet had auspicious birthmarks indicating that he was fit to be a king.
However, several later legendary accounts state that Munja was initially jealous of Bhoja, and tried to prevent him from becoming a king. Munja, an astrologer prophesized Bhoja’s long reign. Munja, who wanted his own son to become the king, ordered Bhoja’s killing. Bhoja was appointed as the king by the royal ministers after Munja’s death. Munja ordered Bhoja’s murder, but later appointed him as the crown prince. Munja ordered one Vatsaraja to kill Bhoja at the Mahamaya temple in Bhuvaneshvari forest.
On hearing Bhoja’s cultured manner of talking, Vatsaraja and his men abandoned the murder plan. They faked Bhoja’s death, and presented to Munja a fake head and a verse from Bhoja. Munja would be the only one whom the earthly possessions would follow. The verse moved Munja to tears, and made him realize his mistake. When he learned that Bhoja was still alive, he invited Bhoja to back to his court.
To repent for his sin, he also went on a pilgrimage to Dharmaranya, where he established a town called Munjapuram. These stories of Bhoja’s persecution by Munja are essentially mythical. This legend is not found in the works composed by the contemporaries of Munja, Sindhuraja and Bhoja. The legend appears to be the poetic imagination of later composers. Munja as the one who was persecuted by Bhoja. This account is also completely unreliable from a historical point of view. Padmagupta, the court poet of Sindhuraja and Bhoja, also supports this fact.
Munja left the Paramara administration in hands of Sindhuraja before departing on a military expedition. Munja unexpectedly died in this campaign, and as a result, Sindhuraja succeeded him as the king. Munja “placed the world in Sindhuraja’s hands” before leaving for Ambika’s town. An inscription of Bhoja’s successor Jayasimha I is also dated 1055 CE. Thus, 1055 CE can be taken as the last year of Bhoja’s reign.