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Since his death, Bhindranwale has remained a controversial figure in Indian history. Sikh Nation, who made supreme sacrifice for the sake of faith, the Indian government and rest of the Indians views him as an extremist. India”, but did not object to the state’s hypothetical creation. However, he did consider Sikhs as “a distinct nation”. The grandson of Sardar Harnam Singh Uppal, His father, Joginder Singh Uppal was a farmer and a local Sikh leader and his mother was Nihal Kaur.
Jarnail Singh was the seventh of seven brothers and one sister. He was brought up as a strict vegetarian. After a one-year course in Sikh studies he returned to farming again. He continued his studies under Kartar Singh, who was the new head of the Taksal.
He quickly became the favourite student of Kartar Singh. Kartar Singh was fatally injured in a car accident and nominated Bhindranwale as his successor, in preference to his son Amrik Singh. Amrik Singh later became a close associate of Bhindranwale. The couple had two sons, Ishar Singh and Inderjit Singh, in 1971 and 1975, respectively. Pritam Kaur died of heart ailment at age 60, on 15 September 2007 in Jalandhar. His focus on fighting for the Sikh cause appealed to many young Sikhs. The Great Spiritual Man from Bhindran”.
Kartar Singh Khalsa, the successor to Gurbachan Singh Khalsa, who died in a road accident on 16 August 1977, nominated Bhindranwale. Mehta Chowk on 25 August 1977. In a BBC interview, he stated that if the government agreed to the creation of such a state, he would not refuse. Other quotes attributed to Bhindranwale on Khalistan include “we are not in favour of Khalistan nor are we against it”. Responding to the formation of Khalistan he is quoted as saying, “I don’t oppose it nor do I support it.
However, one thing is definite that if this time the Queen of India does give it to us, we shall certainly take it. We shall not repeat the mistake of 1946. As yet, we do not ask for it. It is Indira Gandhi’s business and not mine, nor Longowal’s, nor of any other of our leaders.
Indira should tell us whether she wants to keep us in Hindustan or not. We like to live together, we like to live in India. To which he added, “if the Indian Government invaded the Darbar Sahib complex, the foundation for an independent Sikh state will have been laid. The BBC reported that he was daring law enforcement to react to his actions of fortifying the Golden Temple in order to bolster support. The death of the Sikhs shocked the Sikh community. The Nirankari leader, Gurbachan Singh was afforded a police escort to the safety of his home in Delhi by the Punjab police. When a criminal case was filed against him, the Baba had his case transferred to neighbouring Haryana state, where he was acquitted the following year.
Among Sikhs there was a great frustration at this perceived sacrilege and the legal immunity of the perpetrators. This gave rise to new organizational expressions of Sikh aspirations outside the Akali party. It also created a sentiment amongst some that if the government and judiciary would not prosecute perceived enemies of Sikhism, taking extrajudical measures could be justified. When the Nirankari Baba was himself shot to death on 24 April 1980, the Baba’s followers named Bhindranwale as a suspect, even though he was nowhere near the scene of the incident. Several of his associates and relatives were arrested.
Lala Jagat Narain, the editor of a widely circulated paper in which he had campaigned against Punjabi being adopted as a medium of instruction in Hindu schools, urged Hindus of Punjab to reply to government census that Hindi and not Punjabi was their mother tongue and decried the Anandpur Sahib Resolution. He had also been present at the clash between the Nirankaris and the Akhand Kirtani Jatha. Jarnail Singh had often spoken against him, so his involvement was suspected when the well-known editor was found murdered on 9 September 1981. Two days after the assassination, police issued warrants for the arrest of Bhindranwale. Upon seeing this, Bhidranwale publicly announced that he would surrender on 20 September. On 20 September 1981, Bhindranwale surrendered to the police at a function held in a Gurudwara Gurdarshan Parkash. Over the next twenty-five days while Bhindranwale was held in custody, sporadic fights erupted in areas where Bhindranwale’s accomplices had gathered.