Rail rapid transit must be provided in the Plan metro washington pdf’s Capital regardless of the size of the region’s highway system. A federal agency should be established to oversee the transportation system in Washington.
The District of Columbia, Maryland, and Virginia must be brought together into a legal consortium to deal with transportation issues of a regional nature. The purpose of the new agency was to plan, develop, finance, and operate a regional transit system that included the District of Columbia and portions of Maryland and Virginia. In 1968, the WMATA ultimately proposed a 98-mile regional system with 83 stations. Over the following quarter-century, the Metro system was expanded, with an average of 3. 8 miles of route and roughly three stations added per year. Since then, the system has been expanded beyond the original 1968 mater plan, with the Blue Line extended to Largo Town Center, a new Red Line station at New York Avenue, and a new Silver Line to Dulles Airport currently under construction.
The Washington Metro is a fully grade-separated, heavy rail rapid transit system, with a combination of underground, surface, and above-ground stations. Under ATO, the trains are semi-automated, with on-board computers responsible for governing train speed and stopping locations at platforms. Each train has a human operator to close doors, make announcements, and oversee operations. The operator can manually drive the train if needed. Fare collection is via prepaid fare cards and unlimited-ride passes, which are distributed via farecard vending machines in stations, and swiped at fare gates upon entering and leaving the system. The fare structure is distance-based, with differing fares charged depending on the number of zones traveled.
A surcharge is added for peak periods. Meanwhile, with the Cold War at its peak, Moscow boasted of grandiose stations with elaborate beaux-arts carvings and chandeliers. In a somewhat unusual move, the WMATA hired a single architecture firm — Harry Weese Associates of Chicago — to design every station of the system. Although there are some subtle variations between stations, this approach gives the entire system a very unified appearance. The typical underground station on the Washington Metro features a dramatic, column-free space spanned by a cast concrete barrel vault ceiling that evokes but does not mimic the stately government buildings and monuments found throughout the District. Advertising is kept to a tasteful minimum, and is confined to backlit display panels placed at strategic locations throughout the station. The color palette is kept simple and subdued, with the platform floors composed of red quarry tile and gray granite edges, dark brown signage and fixtures, and gray concrete for the station shell.
Fare control is located on mezzanines that appear to float within the station shell, with curved surfaces guiding circulation patterns and avoiding dark corners. From the mezzanine, the entire station is visible at a glance, and wayfinding becomes self-evident, avoiding the warren of passageways often found on older systems. Access to the surface is typically via banks of escalators instead of stairs. The above-ground stations are simpler in design, with a concrete gull-wing roof providing protection from the elements for at least a portion of the platform.
A central skylight forms a spine down the length of the roof, and provides natural daylighting to the platform below. Fare control is usually located in a concourse below the platform level, which opens directly to the street. The palette of colors and materials is similar to that found in the underground stations. Greater Cincinnati and Northern Kentucky region today. Additionally, the Washington Metro provides service to the District of Columbia, Maryland, and Virginia, providing a model for how a regional transit authority may be formed to provide transit in Southwestern Ohio, Northern Kentucky, and Southeastern Indiana. Since the Washington Metro began operations it has grown into the second-largest rapid transit system in the US in terms of ridership.
L’ in terms of route miles, the Metro system carries almost 1. A regional transit authority that spans state boundaries. Fully grade-separated rail rights-of-way to enhance travel speeds. Architecturally-distinctive station facilities that are easy to maintain and pleasing to the public. A zone-based fare system with peak period surcharges that encourages development near the urban core, and off-peak travel. Metro at 25: Celebrating the Past.