Portrait of a turkish family pdf

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Torrentz portrait of a turkish family pdf always love you. This article is about pile-woven Turkish carpets.

It denotes a knotted, pile-woven floor or wall covering which is produced for home use, local sale, and export. Turkish” carpets form an essential part of the regional culture, today officially understood as Turkish, but in fact derived from the multi-ethnic, multi-religious traditions of the former Ottoman Empire and its predecessors. Carpet weaving represents a traditional art, dating back to pre-Islamic times. During its long history, the art and craft of the woven carpet has integrated different cultural traditions. Central Asia, as well as Armenian people, Caucasian and Kurdic tribes either living in, or migrating to Anatolia, brought with them their traditional designs. The history of its designs, motifs and ornaments thus reflects the political and ethnic history and diversity of the area of Asia minor. However, scientific attempts were unsuccessful, as yet, to attribute a particular design to a specific ethnic, regional, or even nomadic versus village tradition.

When political contacts and trade became more intense between Western Europe and the Islamic world after the 12th century AD, also woven carpets became known in Europe. As direct trade was initially established between Europe and the Ottoman Empire, all kinds of carpets became known in Europe by the trade name of “Turkish” carpets, regardless of their actual provenience. When Western European art historians developed a scientific interest in “oriental” carpets in the late 19th century, the richness and cultural diversity of the carpet designs was better understood. Turkish carpet is distinguished by particular characteristics of dyes and colours, designs, textures and techniques.

The earliest known examples for Turkish carpets date from the thirteenth century. Distinct types of carpets have been woven ever since in workshops, in more provincial weaving facilities, as well as in villages, tribal settlements, or by nomads. Carpets were simultaneously produced for these different levels of society, with varying materials like sheep wool and cotton. No silk piled carpets made in Turkey have been found that were before 1870. Not till the early 20th century were silk pile carpets knotted in Turkey using silver and gold threads with patterns based upon 16th century Imperial Safavid Iranian carpets. Turkish carpets are regarded as objects of art in their country of origin, but also in the Western world. Since the late nineteenth century, Turkish and oriental carpets have been subject to art historic and scientific interest in the Western world.

Turkish carpet weaving by using hand-spun, naturally-dyed wool and traditional designs. The raw material to produce carpets had to be readily available during the migration. As such, woven tissues could serve both utilitarian and decorative purposes, depending on the shape and size in which they were produced. The beginning of carpet weaving remains unknown, as carpets are subject to use, deterioration, and destruction by insects and rodents. The oldest known hand knotted rug is the “Pazyryk carpet”, dated back to the 5th century BC. It was preserved frozen in ice, and discovered in the late 1940s by the Russian archeologist Sergei Rudenko and his team. Oghuz-Turkic legend, perhaps based on an older version of the Massageteans.

This genealogy is shown in the way the pattern is divided into 24 tribes. On the left and right there are groups of 12 tribes in each. Oghuz tribes had six sons, with each having four sons. The history of the Turkish carpet must be understood in the context of the country’s political and social history. Carpet weaving was probably known already in Anatolia during this time, but no carpets exist today which can be dated back to this time. Coming from Persia, Polo travelled from Sivas to Kayseri.

Anatolian cities in the lte 13th century: “That’s where Turkoman carpets are made, which are exported to all other countries”. Aksaray as a major rug weaving center in the early-to-mid-14th century. Eight fragments were found in 1905 by F. Konya carpets must have been produced in town manufactories, as looms of this size cannot be set up in a nomadic or village home. Where exactly these carpets were woven is unknown.

The field patterns of the Konya carpets are mostly geometric, and small in relation to the carpet size. Their main borders often contain kufic ornaments. The corners are not “resolved”, which means that the border design is cut off, and does not continue around the corners. Nearly all carpet fragments show different patterns and ornaments.

The Bey┼čehir carpets are closely related to the Konya carpets in design and colour. Rows of horned quadrupeds placed opposite to each other, or birds beside a tree can be recognized on some fragments. Turkoman tribes produced carpets in Anatolia. What types of carpets were woven by the Turkoman Beyliks remains unknown, since we are unable to identify them. South-western Anatolia in the eleventh century, and moved back to the Caspian sea later. Around 1300 AD, a group of Turkoman tribes under Suleiman and Ertugrul moved westward.