This article is about an autobiography. The book begins with a mischievous four-year-old Wright setting fire to his grandmother’s house and continues in that vein. Wright is a curious child living in a household of strict, religious women and violent, irresponsible men. He feels more out of place as the black boy by richard wright pdf grows older and comes in contact with the Jim Crow racism of the 1920s South.
He finds it generally unjust and fights against whites’ and other blacks’ desire to squash his intellectual curiosity and potential. After his father deserts the family, young Wright is shuffled back and forth among his sick mother, his fanatically religious grandmother, and various maternal aunts and uncles. As he ventures into the white world to find jobs, he encounters extreme racism and brutal violence, experience which stays with him the rest of his life. But before Richard can go to Chicago, he has to resort to stealing money and lying. Many times he must do things he does not want to do, for survival.
The youth finds the North less racist than the South and begins forming concrete ideas about American race relations. He holds many jobs, most of them menial. He finds a job at the post office and meets white men who share his cynical view of the world and religion in particular. He slowly becomes immersed in the Communist Party, organizing its writers and artists. At first he thinks he will find friends within the party, especially among its black members, but he finds them to be just as afraid of change as the southern whites he had left behind.
The Communists fear anyone who disagrees with their ideas and quickly brand Wright, who has always been inclined to question and speak his mind, a “counter-revolutionary. When he tries to leave the party, he is accused of trying to lead others away from it. After witnessing the trial of another black Communist for counter-revolutionary activity, Wright decides to abandon the party. He remains branded an “enemy” of Communism, and party members threaten him away from various jobs and gatherings. Chicago, were “Part Two: The Horror and the Glory. In January 1944, Harper and Brothers accepted all twenty chapters, and by May they were in page proofs for a scheduled fall publication of the book.
Mississippi childhood section, the first fourteen chapters. 195,000 retail copies in its first edition and 351,000 copies through the Book-of-the-Month Club. The Book of the Month Club played an important role in Wright’s career. Book of the Month Club written by a black American. However, he wrote in his journal that the Book of the Month Club had yielded to pressure from the Communist Party in asking him to eliminate the chapters that dealt with his membership in and disillusionment with the Communist Party. Island Trees School District v.