English the encyclopedia of demons and demonology pdf name now holds connotations of malevolence. That is to say, they may be human, or non-human, separable souls, or discarnate spirits which have never inhabited a body. At the same time these classes are frequently conceived as producing identical results, e.
Every cove of the seashore, every point, every island and prominent rock has its guardian spirit. All are potentially of the malignant type, to be propitiated by an appeal to knowledge of the supernatural. By the thousands they accompany travelers, seeking them out from their places in the elements. The numerous demonic spirits were given charge over various parts of the human body, one for the head, one for the neck, and so on. The ascription of malevolence to the world of spirits is by no means universal. Demons are generally classified as spirits which are believed to enter into relations with the human race. Excluded are souls conceived as inhabiting another world.
Belief in demons goes back many millennia. 3,333 Demons, some with specific dark responsibilities such as war, starvation, sickness, etc. Lord who will “strike down the Egyptians. 16 and II Chronicles xxi. Lord” in II Kings xix. Evil One” in Sanskrit sources.
The idea of the imminent decline and collapse of the Buddhist religion amid a “great cacophony of demonic influences” was already a significant component of Buddhism when it reached China in the first century A. Demonic forces had attained enormous power in the world. For some writers of the time this state of affairs had been ordained to serve the higher purpose of effecting a “preliminary cleansing” that would purge and purify humanity in preparation for an ultimate, messianic renewal. Medieval Chinese Buddhist demonology was heavily influenced by Indian Buddhism. Tibetan Buddhist master of the 20th century describes encounters with such beings. Therefore, depending on the context, in Buddhism demons may refer to both disturbed mind states and actual beings.
A number of authors throughout Christian history have written about demons for a variety of purposes. God and often were claimed to have been written by individuals respected within the Church. These latter texts were usually more detailed, giving names, ranks, and descriptions of demons individually and categorically. Most Christians commonly reject these texts as either diabolical or fictitious. In modern times, some demonological texts have been written by Christians, usually in a similar vein of Thomas Aquinas, explaining their effects in the world and how faith may lessen or eliminate damage by them. Kramer, proclaiming that demons and their human agents are active in the world. Not all Christians believe that demons exist in the literal sense.