Subscription and open access journals from SAGE Publishing, the world’s leading independent academic publisher. In the English literature, there is also a trichotomy between biological sex, psychological gender, and social gender role. Both words mean “kind”, “type”, or “sort”. Theoretical perspectives on gender and development pdf a grammatical term only.
Among the reasons that working scientists have given me for choosing gender rather than sex in biological contexts are desires to signal sympathy with feminist goals, to use a more academic term, or to avoid the connotation of copulation. That is to say, gender is to sex as feminine is to female and masculine is to male. One’s biological sex is directly tied to specific social roles and the expectations. The groups people belong to therefore provide members with the definition of who they are and how they should behave within their social sphere.
A protestor holding a flyer with the words “Gender is like that old jumper from my cousin. It was given to me and it doesn’t fit” at a rally for transgender equality in Washington D. Globally, communities interpret biological differences between men and women to create a set of social expectations that define the behaviors that are “appropriate” for men and women and determine women’s and men’s different access to rights, resources, power in society and health behaviors. Although the specific nature and degree of these differences vary from one society to the next, they still tend to typically favor men, creating an imbalance in power and gender inequalities within most societies.