There are at least 80 types of autoimmune diseases. Nearly any body part can be involved. Often symptoms come and go. The types of autoimmune diseases pdf is generally unknown.
The diagnosis can be difficult to determine. Treatment depends on the type and severity of the condition. While treatment usually improves symptoms they do not typically cure the disease. United States are affected by an autoimmune disease.
Women are more commonly affected than men. Often they start during adulthood. The first autoimmune diseases were described in the early 1900s. Autoimmune diseases have a wide variety of different effects. It has been estimated that autoimmune diseases are among the leading causes of death among women in the United States in all age groups up to 65 years.
A substantial minority of the population suffers from these diseases, which are often chronic, debilitating, and life-threatening. There are more than 80 illnesses caused by autoimmunity. Women are found to be more commonly affected than men. Environmental events can trigger some cases of autoimmune diseases such as exposure to radiation or certain drugs which can damage tissues of the body.
Infection can also be a trigger of some autoimmune diseases for example Lupus which is thought to be a milder version of an idiopathic disorder where there is an increased production of antihistone antibodies. When any one of these mechanisms fail, it is possible to have a reservoir of self-reactive cells that become functional within the immune system. T-cell is developing into a mature immune cell. A major understanding of the underlying pathophysiology of autoimmune diseases has been the application of genome wide association scans that have identified a degree of genetic sharing among the autoimmune diseases.