File:NIOSH Working with Stress Part 1 types of work stress pdf 2. A video on workplace stress.
File:NIOSH Working with Stress Part 2 of 2. Occupational stress often stems from unexpected responsibilities and pressures that do not align with a person’s knowledge, skills, or expectations, inhibiting one’s ability to cope. Occupational stress can increase when workers do not feel supported by supervisors or colleagues, or feel as if they have little control over work processes. This model “suggests that the match between a person and their work environment is key in influencing their health. For healthy conditions, it is necessary that employees’ attitudes, skills, abilities and resources match the demands of their job, and that work environments should meet workers’ needs, knowledge, and skills potential. This model “focuses on important aspects of job characteristics, such as skill variety, task identity, task significance, autonomy, and feedback. It is proposed that positive or negative work characteristics give rise to mental states which lead to corresponding cognitive and behavioral outcomes, e.
Job Diagnostic Survey, a questionnaire for job analysis, which implies key types of job-redesign including combining tasks, creating feedback methods, job enrichment, etc. This model looks at behaviors as a susceptibility burden together with stress from life experiences. It is useful to distinguish stressful job conditions or stressors from an individual’s reactions or strains. Strains can be mental, physical or emotional. Often a stressor can lead the body to have a physiological reaction that can strain a person physically as well as mentally. This model posits that strain are a response to imbalance between demands of one’s job and the resources he or she has to deal with those demands.